The unstoppable development of the maritime oil industry, bigger oil tankers, the higher volume of chemicals being carried by sea and a stronger concern for the planet’s environment have all required for worldwide measures to stop or at least control pollution in our oceans via safe and responsible fuel transfer and storage procedures.
The International Convention for the Prevention of Pollution of the Sea by Oil was convened in 1954, creating guidelines that seek to avoid marine pollution. In 1973, when this was no longer considered adequate, the International Convention for the Prevention of Pollution from Ships devised a more ambitious international treaty that now covered not only oil but all sorts forms of marine pollution from ships as well, excluding dumping of land-generated waste into the sea.
Oil spillage occurring during fuel transfers using emco wheaton loading arms conducted by ships remains to be one of the most serious threats to our marine resources today. Indeed, fuel spills are a significant cause of sea water pollution and have to be avoided in each possible way with thorough planning and operation.
When a fuel spill takes place , knowledge of the mitigating steps outlined below, as well as an actual capability to implement them are always crucial:
Spilled Diesel Aboard Vessel
All steps must be taken to contain the fuel and keep it away from any heat source.
> The fuel spill must be reported immediately to the vessel’s master. Normally, the fuel will moves to the bilge, but it shouldn’t be pumped out.
If there’s a fuel leak, any further discharge should be stopped through any possible method. The guidance of the master of the vessel should, as required, be sought.
Petrol and LPG Spilled on Vessel
Reducing any leaks that can transpire in the engine compartment is the survey requirement for the said installations. To learn more about fuel transfer safety, you can visit http://www.ehow.com/how_6975536_paint-fuel-tanks.html.
> A leak necessitates the shutdown of all machinery and electrical systems from http://www.emcowheaton.com/marine-loading-arms/.
> Fuel supply must be discontinued.
> Petrol vapours and LPG need to be cleared in a way that avoids sparking.
> Leak must be fixed.
Overboard Fuel Spill
Action must be geared towards stopping any further fuel from going into the water.
> Fire-fighting equipment has to be available at any time. Fire extinguishers must be suitable for fuel fires.
> Tell the relevant Port Authority and follow their instructions.
> Vessels moored or tied up near the area of the spillage should be advised pending the Port Authority’s arrival.
> The vessel itself should be cleaned up.
> Do not try to clean the water by products such as detergents, unless the Port Authority has advised the same.
> If the spill occurs while the vessel is at sea, this must be reported to the state pollution authority or the nearest port authority.
For the purpose of safety, the vessel must first return to a shore-based waste facility before the bilge is discharged.
> In a large fuel spill, full safety precautions should be taken.
> If available, place “no smoking” signs, or warn people in the vicinity against smoking.